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The variety of looms is staggering.  Finding a loom you like and a comfortable place to work is key to having fun weaving.
Small Loom

Wendy shows how small a working loom can be.  And this is not the smallest!

This Norwood loom is considered a portable loom because it can fold up (as shown) and be moved about. 
This is a "jack" loom, meaning that the harnesses are moved by levers which push the harness up from the bottom. 
It is an eight harness loom, which allows for more intricate patterns to be woven.

Multiple towel weave

Dish towels
Dish towels are a quick and easy way to have fun with patterns and color while making something that you can use around the house.  They also make cool gifts.
Multiple pattern and color variations are possible on a single warp. Look closely and you will see that both the pattern and the color are different in each of these towels.

Finished Towels

More towels
Another run of towels done on a single warp. Again, the pattern and the color change from towel to towel.

Leclerc Parts

Leclerc Loom
When looms get bigger and more stationary, they come home in parts. There are very good looms available via the internet, like this Leclerc which we bought on-line.

Leclerc Loom

Leclerc Loom
Once setup the Leclerc is impressive for it's added strength and stability.
This is a "counter balance" loom, meaning that the harnesses are hung from a series of overhead bars.  The levers move the harnesses relative to each other (one goes up., the other down).  This takes less effort than the jack loom.
It is a four harness loom, which is the most common number of harnesses in non-commercial weaving.

Triangle Loom

Triangle Loom
Many other types of looms exist.  Here is an odd one, the triangle loom. This loom is used to make loose weave shawls.  However, the triangles are often joined to make blankets, etc.

Triangle Weave

Triangle Weave
A close look at the weave show how loose it is.

Warping Board

Warping Board
The stationary threads on the loom are called the warp. The warp is prepared on the warping board, and then (carefully!) transferred to the loom. The pegs in the board allow warps of different lengths to be wound. One circuit of the selected pegs is made for each thread in the warp.

Back Beam

Back Beam
Not a great photo, but you can see that the warp has been wound from the front of the loom to the back, and onto the "back beam". The threads will next be threaded through the headles, seen here pushed to the left.  After that the reed will be put in place and the threads will be pulled through it, and fastened to the front beam.

Thru Reed

Here the threads are thru the reed, attached to the front beam (not shown) and some weaving has been done.


The Norwood is too narrow to weave a full width blanket, so twice the length desired is woven and the two pieces sewn together.

Rag Back Beam

Rag rug warp - back beam (rear view)
Here a rag rug warp is being wound on. The threads go through the "lease" sticks (narrow white sticks, looks like one but there are two), over the "raddle" (narrow board with nails in it) which helps keep everything organized, to the back beam.  The raddle is removed after this, but the lease sticks may be left in (weavers choice).

Rag thru headles

Rag rug warp - headles (front view)
Here the threads are pulled through the headles.  The reed is removed to make access to this task easier.

Rag thru reed

Rag rug warp - reed (front view)
The reed is put back in place and the threads pulled through it.  The threads are tied to the green stick which is attached to a cloth that will pull the threads down onto the front beam as the rug is woven.

Cut Strips

Rag rug - cut strips
To make a rag rug you need lots of strips of rags or other material.  To control the colors it is common to purchase odd lots of discount cloth and cut them into strips.

Weave rug

Rag rug - weave
The strips are used instead of thread and passed thru the "shed" in the warp. The shed is the V-shaped opening formed when the weaver presses down on the foot levers.